Wednesday,December 2, 2020 / 9:58 AM / Bukola Akinyele-Yisau for WebTV / Header ImageCredit: WebTV
TheCentral Bank of Nigeria Financial Inclusion Secretariat with key experts in theNoninterest Finance Markets, hosted a webinar on closing the FinancialInclusion Gaps workshop series which explores "Leveraging Non-Interest Financefor Financial Inclusion".
AssociateHead, Financial Inclusion Secretariat, Central Bank of Nigeria Dr Paul Oluipke speaking on closing the financialinclusion gaps, the role of noninterest Finance.
Dr PaulOluipke started the conversation on why noninterest finance is key in closingthe gap to financial inclusion in Nigeria. According to him, for several yearsthe Central Bank of Nigeria have implemented the National Financial Inclusion Strategywhich targeted five demographic groups such as the following;
- Women, because financial inclusion is higheramong men than women,
- Secondly rural areas as there have lowerfinancial inclusion levels than urban areas,
- Thirdly MSMEs which are less financiallyincluded compare to large businesses.
- The North East and North west arefinancially excluded zones in Nigeria which they are acute poverty and lackaccess financial services.
- The youth from 18-25 age are the leastincluded demographic among all age groups in Nigeria which is a very vibrant anddynamic segment our Nigeria population and yet they are mostly outsideformal financial services, which means we are losing a lot in terms ofcreativity and innovation in the financial sector of Nigeria.
In2018, the strategy was revised due to the five key gaps that was identified inthe revision, these include;
- The regional gap where only 32% of adult in the northeast and north west combined are financially included, for the north west thereis 70% inclusion and 62% of exclusion in the North east. As 2010, there 46. 2%exclusion which has reduced to 41.6% in 2018 and the target is 20% by 2020 asit is stated
- He said, another gap identify is age gap. 53.5%exclusion of the young Z group is the least included which is huge numbers ofyouth are excluded.
- Also, there is the formality gap where majority ofNigerians are within the informal sector in terms of interacting with financialservices.
- According to him, 47% of women are excluded fromformal financial services and
- Rural gap of 52% where they live in rural communitiesand cannot access formal financial services. He was of the view that all theissues need to be addressed. The total Deposit Money Bank credit facility toMSME as at 2016 was 0.07%, while informal inclusion is higher for women thanmen. Financial inclusion is lower in rural than urban areas while informalinclusion are lower in rural area than urban areas.
Lookingat the Central Bank of Nigeria Revised national Financial Inclusion Strategywhich includes: North, Youth, Women, Rural, & MSMEs are the key gaps toclose and deepen financial inclusion.
North: There is need for Noninterest Finance in the North, Agent Banking,Special Models, Traditional Channels, Digital Products and Financial Literacyin order to identify the gaps.
Youth: There is need for Financial Literacy, Digital Products, School Reach-outprograms, Empowerment Schemes in order to educate people and increase awarenesson financial services and safety measures to take online.
Women: There is need for Tailored Products, Database on Women, DigitalProducts, Financial Literacy and Empowerment Schemes.
Rural: There is need for Agent Banking, Digital Products, Financial Literacy,Microfinance Institutions and Products, Mobile Money which will help in therural areas by solving the problem.
MSMEs: There is need for Collateral Registry, Specialized Institutions,Digital Products, Financial Literacy, and increased Credit Schemes.
Accordingto him, Nigerians are very innovative and creative, but they need a little pushto be able to do better in what they do.
Speakingfurther he said the Bank targeted to reach 6.4m women by the end of2020.
"Thereare 6.9m in the rural areas, north east (2.2m), north west (4.8m), northcentral (2.9m) and youth (3.7m). The CBN is working hard to achieve awider inclusion and provide a foundation for 8.3m people included in 2019 andby 2020 16m people which is a deficit have since 2018 included which will allowthe CBN objective to reach 20% by the end of 2020" He said.
The CBN official said, the focus of the bank's initiative shouldbe north where there is a large demographics in need of financialservices, and the Non-Interest Financial Institutions are well placed to boostfinancial inclusion because it is asset backedand has zero interest.
Onthe efforts of the Central Bank of Nigeria, he cited the fact that the CBNManagement seeking to bridge the financial inclusion gap gave a directive atits 537th Committee of Governors (COG) meeting dated Wednesday 13th December 2017, that all the Bank's intervention funds should be incorporatedinto a non interest window, which has paved a way for eleven non-interestfinance initiatives.
Also,in recent times the CBN issued and reviewed guidelines for the operationof non-interest financial institutions such as Accelerated AgriculturalDevelopment Scheme (AADs), Textile sector Intervention fund, Agri-businessSmall and Medium Enterprises Investment Schemes (AGMEIS) Micro Small and MediumEnterprises Development Fund (MSMDF), Non-Oil Export Stimulating Facility(NESF), 50billion Targeted Credit Facility (TCF) amongst others.
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